A brownish watery liquid with an earthy smell
Bio-Impilo contains metabolites of Trichoderma spp
Apply as foliar spray. 5ml per 1 litre of water. Vegetables 1litre/ha / Vine, shrubs and trees 1-2 litre/ha. First application to seedlings / early spring (4-6 leaves unfolded), second a few days before flowering and third (vine, shrub and trees) after harvest. Additional applications only when a plant sap Brix reading indicates a major drop*, thus implying a weaker resistance. *(not due to water shortage / excess or extreme weather conditions.)
Directions for use
Application: Wash spray tank thoroughly to remove all traces of residues. Half fill tank with water (pH 6.0-7.3). Shake container with Bio-Impilo well. Add Bio-Impilo and fill the spray can to the correct volume while stirring continuously. Wet plants properly. Apply early morning or late afternoon. Do not spray if the air temperature is above 30°C or if the relative humidity is lower than 30%.
Mode of Action
Directly inhibit growth and pathogenic activities of parasites and also increase disease resistance by triggering the defense mechanisms in plants. These metabolites are also capable of enhancing plant growth, which enables the augmented production of root and shoot systems.
these effects can be compared to an induced immunization, which is measurable as Brix (sugar levels) of plant saps. Higher Brix indicates a healthier plant. An overdose leads to phytotoxic phenomena.
Research and Development
Ever more scientific papers are published with new facts on positive effects on plant health. The process of photosynthesis is promoted and the Brix (plant sugar reading) increases within a few hours.
See: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/13/660 (Downy mildew resistance induced by ………)
Trials at Reyneke Wines showed increases from a Brix of 7 to a reading of 20 on Pinotage leaves. (Trials 2012). The effect on Oak seedlings is visible within 24 hours.
Increased natural defense mechanisms against diseases and sucking insects.
See http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/13/660 (Downy mildew resistance induced by …….) – http://www.researchgate.net/publication/222073845 (A novel role for Trichoderma ……..) – http://mic.sgmjournals.org/content/158/1/17.full (Plant-benefical effects …….)
During the last 2 seasons Bio-Impilo has been successfully applied by Laibach and Rreyneke Wines, Longridge, Fleurbaix and Olivedale controlling downy mildew in grape vines.
Bio-Impilo not only promotes plant health, it also contains root growth stimulants.
Seed treated with Bio-Impilo germinated faster and with stronger development of roots and hypocotyls. (2011 – 2013)
The trial at Talana, Stellenbosch on Chenin blanc showed an increase of yield by 22%. This was achieved with 5 weekly sprays of Bio-Impilo at 1 l/ha.
PESTICIDE INFORMATION PROFILE
Active(s): Fermented plant saps by Trichoderma spp
Toxicity: PAN Bad Actor Chemical: No
Health risks human: Acute: None Cronic: None Carcenogenisis: No Cholinesterate inhibitor: No
Environmental Impact: General: Naturally occurring fungus, not infective for mammals and birds. Bees: None Fish: None Groundwater: None
Minimal Risk Levels (MRLs)
Expected residue concentration per applied cm2: < 0.01 μg / cm2
Expected time of complete breakdown of actives: natural occurring
Withholding period on crop peeled to be eaten: None
Withholding period on crop eaten as harvested: None (wash before eating)
MRLs by Codex Alimentarius : Not included.